HISTORY PORN: Today in History … June 11 … John Wayne dies

The following event occurred on this day in history … June 11.  Today is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 203 days remaining until the end of the year.

"…to succeed in the future; we must learn from the past."

The old school history porn can be found here.

John Wayne dies

On this day in 1979, John Wayne, an iconic American film actor famous for starring in countless westerns, dies at age 72 after battling cancer for more than a decade.

The actor was born Marion Morrison on May 26, 1907, in Winterset, Iowa, and moved as a child to Glendale, California. A football star at Glendale High School, he attended the University of Southern California on a scholarship and became a member of the Sigma Chi fraternity.

After finding work as a movie studio laborer, Wayne befriended director John Ford, then a rising talent. His first acting jobs were bit parts in which he was credited as Duke Morrison, a childhood nickname derived from the name of his beloved pet dog.

Wayne’s first starring role came in 1930 with The Big Trail, a film directed by his college buddy Raoul Walsh. It was during this time that Marion Morrison became “John Wayne,” when director Walsh didn’t think Marion was a good name for an actor playing a tough western hero. Despite the lead actor’s new name, however, the movie flopped. Throughout the 1930s, Wayne made dozens of mediocre westerns, sometimes churning out two movies a week. In them, he played various rough-and-tumble characters and occasionally appeared as “Singing Sandy,” a musical cowpoke a la Roy Rogers.

In 1939, Wayne finally had his breakthrough when his old friend John Ford cast him as Ringo Kid in the Oscar-winning Stagecoach. Wayne went on to play larger-than-life heroes in dozens of movies and came to symbolize a type of rugged, strong, straight-shooting American man. John Ford directed Wayne in some of his best-known films, including Fort Apache (1948), She Wore a Yellow Ribbon (1949), Rio Grande (1950),The Quiet Man (1952) and The Man Who Shot Liberty Valence (1962).

Off-screen, Wayne came to be known for his conservative political views. He produced, directed and starred in The Alamo (1960) and The Green Berets (1968), both of which reflected his patriotic, conservative leanings. In 1969, he won an Oscar for his role as a drunken, one-eyed federal marshal named Rooster Cogburn in True Grit.

Wayne’s last film was The Shootist (1976), in which he played a legendary gunslinger dying of cancer. The role had particular meaning, as the actor was fighting the disease in real life.

During four decades of acting, Wayne, with his trademark drawl and good looks, appeared in over 250 films. He was married three times and had seven children.

HISTORY PORN: Today in History … October 29

The following events occurred on this day in history … to succeed in the future; we must learn from the past. Today is October 29the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar.

There are 63 days remaining until the end of the year.

  • 312 – Constantine the Great enters Rome after his victory at the Milvian Bridge, stages a grand adventus in the city, and is met with popular jubilation. Maxentius’ body is fished out of the Tiber and beheaded. 
  • 437 – Valentinian III, Western Roman Emperor, marries Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of his cousin Theodosius II, Eastern Roman Emperor in Constantinople unifying the two branches of the House of Theodosius.
  • 969 – Byzantine troops occupy Antioch Syria.
  • 1268 – Conradin, the last legitimate male heir of the Hohenstaufen dynasty of Kings of Germany and Holy Roman Emperors, is executed along with his companion Frederick I, Margrave of Baden by Charles I of Sicily, a political rival and ally to the hostile Roman Catholic Church.
  • 1390 – First trial for witchcraft in Paris leading to the death of three people.
  • 1422 – Charles VII of France becomes king in succession to his father Charles VI of France though he isn’t officially crowned king until 1429.
  • 1467 – Battle of Brustem: Charles the Bold defeats Liège.
  • 1611 – Russian homage to the King of Poland, Sigismund III Vasa.
  • 1618 – English adventurer, writer, and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh is beheaded for allegedly conspiring against James I of England. 
  • 1658 – Battle of the Sound.
  • 1665 – Battle of Ambuila, in which Portuguese forces defeat the forces of the Kingdom of Kongo and decapitated king António I of Kongo, also called Nvita a Nkanga.
  • 1675 – Leibniz makes the first use of the long s (∫) as a symbol of the integral in calculus.
  • 1787 – Mozart’s opera Don Giovanni receives its first performance in Prague. 
  • 1792 – Mount Hood (Oregon) is named after the British naval officer Alexander Arthur Hood by Lt. William E. Broughton who spotted the mountain near the mouth of the Willamette River .

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HISTORY PORN: Today in History … October 27

The following events occurred on this day in history … to succeed in the future; we must learn from the past. Today is October 27the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar.

There are 65 days remaining until the end of the year and just 58 days until Christmas.

  • 312 – Constantine the Great is said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross. 
  • 710 – Saracen invasion of Sardinia.
  • 939 – Edmund I succeeds Athelstan as King of England.
  • 1275 – Traditional founding of the city of Amsterdam.
  • 1524 – Italian Wars: The French troops lay siege to Pavia.
  • 1553 – Condemned as a heretic, Michael Servetus is burned at the stake just outside Geneva. 
  • 1644 – Second Battle of Newbury in the English Civil War.
  • 1682 – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is founded. 
  • 1795 – The United States and Spain sign the Treaty of Madrid, which establishes the boundaries between Spanish colonies and the U.S.
  • 1806 – The French Army enters Berlin, following the Battle of Jena.
  • 1810 – United States annexes the former Spanish colony of West Florida.

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HISTORY PORN: Today in History … October 8

The following events occurred on this day in history … to succeed in the future; we must learn from the past. Today is October 8, the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar.

There are 84 days remaining until the end of the year and 77 days until Christmas.

  • 314 – Roman Emperor Licinius is defeated by his colleague Constantine I at the Battle of Cibalae, and loses his European territories. 
  • 451 – At Chalcedon, a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor, the first session of the Council of Chalcedon begins (ends on November 1).
  • 1075 – Dmitar Zvonimir is crowned King of Croatia. 
  • 1200 – Isabella of Angoulême is crowned Queen consort of England.
  • 1322 – Mladen II Šubić of Bribir, defeated in the battle of Bliska, is arrested by the Parliament. 
  • 1480 – Great standing on the Ugra river, a standoff between the forces of Akhmat Khan, Khan of the Great Horde, and the Grand Duke Ivan III of Russia, which results in the retreat of the Tataro-Mongols and the eventual disintegration of the Horde.
  • 1573 – End of the Spanish siege of Alkmaar, the first Dutch victory in Eighty Years War.
  • 1582 – Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
  • 1600 – San Marino adopts its written constitution. 
  • 1645 – Jeanne Mance opened the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal, the first lay hospital in North America.
  • 1806 – Napoleonic Wars: Forces of the British Empire lay siege to the port of Boulogne in France by using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve.

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So are you a Sig or do you belong to a different organization?
Anonymous

"A Sig I am, a Sig I’ll be, a Sig through all eternity…"

I'm thinking about rushing EX for Spring 2014. Yes or no? Do you have to look like a frat bro to join a frat?
Anonymous

Rushing Sigma Chi is one of the best decisions a guy could make. Reasons to join include:

  • Lifelong friendships. Brothers of our chapter form lifelong bonds with a diverse group of talented peers.
  • Social opportunities. We provide ample opportunities for socialization both within the Harvard community and with students from schools all across the Boston area.
  • Community service. Our chapter is dedicated to improving the surrounding community. We hold an annual community service drive called Derby Days that benefits theChildren’s Miracle Network. In addition, brothers volunteer at soup kitchens, help out at homeless shelters, run for charity in the Boston Marathon, and participate in Relay for Life.
  • International connections. Sigma Chi is an international fraternity, with more than 200 chapters across the United States and Canada.
  • Alumni network. Past brothers have gone on to become CEOs, distinguished professors, high-ranking government officials, reknowned doctors, and Hollywood actors. They will help guide you through college and beyond.

Brothers are judged and expected to live-up to the Jordan standard and we admit no man to membership who is not judged to be:

  • A man of good character
  • A student of fair ability
  • With ambitious purposes
  • A congenial disposition
  • Possessed of good morals
  • Having a high sense of honor and
  • A deep sense of personal responsibility

At Sigma Chi, brothers come from all across the globe and from all walks of life. For me, most importantly, we do not discriminate based on ethnicity, sexual orientation, or economic status.

Finally, this:

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HISTORY PORN: Today in History … September 19

The following events occurred on this day in history … to succeed in the future; we must learn from the past. Today is September 19, the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar.

There are 103 days remaining until the end of the year.

  • 335 – Flavius Dalmatius is raised to the rank of Caesar by his uncle, Emperor Constantine I. IHSV 
  • 634 – Siege of Damascus: The Rashidun Arabs under Khalid ibn al-Walid capture Damascus from the Byzantine Empire. 
  • 1356 – Battle of Poitiers: An English army under the command of Edward, the Black Prince defeats a French army and captures the French king, John II. 
  • 1676 – Jamestown is burned to the ground by the forces of Nathaniel Bacon during Bacon’s Rebellion. 
  • 1692 – Giles Corey is pressed to death after refusing to plead in the Salem witch trials. 
  • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: British forces win a tactically expensive victory over the Continental Army in the First Battle of Saratoga.
  • 1778 – The Continental Congress passes the first United States federal budget.
  • 1796 – George Washington’s Farewell Address is printed across America as an open letter to the public. 
  • 1799 – French Revolutionary Wars: French-Dutch victory against the Russians and British in the Battle of Bergen.

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